The journal follows guidelines issued by COPE to handle cases of research and publication misconduct. Authors are encouraged to visit COPE website (Committee on Publication Ethics) and promote awareness about publication ethics to promote fair reporting of data. It helps in building proper scientific and supportive atmosphere.
Other useful information about publication ethics for authors, editors, reviewers can be obtained by visiting this link, which is very useful in preparation of manuscripts as per international standards. https://www.elsevier.com/editors/publishing-ethics
Note: The journal acknowledges every concern raised against any article in process or published. The editorial board is free to review the manuscript again even after publication and can take appropriate actions which may also include removal of manuscript or blacklisting authors who is found in indulging malpractice. Before such actions, the editorial board will ask for proper explanations from authors for the concern raised and care will be taken to consider all aspects before arriving at decision.